James A. McDivitt
Apollo 9 Astronaut - Commander
James Alton McDivitt (Brig Gen, USAF Ret.) (born June 10, 1929) is a former NASA astronaut who flew in the Gemini and Apollo programs. He commanded the Gemini 4 flight during which Edward H. White performed the first US space walk, and later the Apollo 9 flight which was the first manned flight test of the Lunar Module and the complete set of Apollo flight hardware. He later became Manager of Lunar Landing Operations and was the Apollo Spacecraft Program Manager from 1969 to 1972.
In April 1966, McDivitt, along with Astronaut Group 3 astronauts David Scott and Rusty Schweickart were named as members of the backup crew for Gus Grissom's first manned Apollo mission Apollo 1, flying only the Apollo Command/Service Module in Earth orbit. In December, they were replaced as backups with the crew of a cancelled second mission and were promoted to prime crew of a new second mission flying both the Command/Service Module and the Lunar Module. They were training for this mission when tragedy struck on January 27, 1967: A cabin fire killed Grissom's crew and brought a 22-month suspension of manned Apollo flights.
After the Apollo 1 fire, plans resumed for McDivitt's crew to fly the Lunar Module mission, which would have been Apollo 8 in December 1968. But the Lunar Module wasn't ready in time, so NASA decided to make Apollo 8 a circumlunar flight of the Command/Service Module, flown by Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and William Anders. McDivitt's 10-day Earth orbital LM test became Apollo 9, launched on March 3, 1969.
After Apollo 9, McDivitt became Manager of Lunar Landing Operations in May 1969, and led a team that planned the lunar exploration program and redesigned the spacecraft to accomplish this task. In August 1969, he became Manager of the Apollo Spacecraft Program and was the program manager for Apollo 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16. After leaving the Apollo Program he was offered the opportunity to be the Shuttle Program Director, but elected to leave NASA to pursue a career in business.
Russell L. “Rusty” Schweickart
Apollo 9 Astronaut - Lunar Module Pilot
Russell Louis "Rusty" Schweickart aka Schweickart (born October 25, 1935) is an American former astronaut, research scientist, US Air Force fighter pilot, business and government executive. Schweickart, chosen in NASA's third astronaut group, is best known as the Lunar Module pilot on the Apollo 9 mission, the first manned flight test of the LM, on which he performed the first in-space test of the Portable Life Support System used by the Apollo astronauts who walked on the Moon. As backup commander of the first Skylab mission, he was responsible for developing the hardware and procedures used by the first crew to perform critical in-flight repairs of the Skylab station. After Skylab, he served for a time as Director of User Affairs in NASA's Office of Applications.
Schweickart was chosen as part of NASA Astronaut Group 3 in October 1963. On March 21, 1966, he was named as the back-up Pilot for Roger B. Chaffee on Apollo 1, which was to have been the first manned Apollo flight. His fellow crewmen were backup Command Pilot James McDivitt and Senior Pilot David Scott, both veterans of Project Gemini. In December 1966, this crew was promoted to fly the first manned Earth orbital test of the Apollo Lunar Module (LM), with Schweickart as Lunar Module Pilot.
This mission was finally flown as Apollo 9 in March 1969. Schweickart spent just over 241 hours in space, and performed the first extravehicular activity (EVA) of the Apollo program, testing the Portable Life Support System (PLSS) that was later used by the 12 astronauts who walked on the Moon. The flight plan, in addition to testing the new Apollo suit and PLSS, called for him to demonstrate an emergency transfer (externally) from the Lunar Module to the Command Module (CM) using handrails on the LM. The EVA was canceled when Schweickart suffered a bout of space sickness the prior day, but then reinstated at the last minute when he had clearly recovered. The external transfer was successfully validated as Schweickart transferred up the LM handrails from the “golden slippers” on the LM front “porch”, while Command Module Pilot Scott performed a stand-up EVA through the open hatch of the CM.
Schweickart next served as backup commander for the first Skylab space station mission, which flew during the spring of 1973. Following the loss of the space station's thermal shield during launch, he assumed responsibility for the development of hardware and procedures for erecting an emergency solar shade and deploying a jammed solar array wing, operations which saved the space station.
Schweickart was awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal in 1969 for Apollo 9, and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal in 1973 for his work on the Skylab rescue.
Charles J. Seelinger
Former CEO, Burton Industries
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The Berlin Family Foundation was established in 1995 as a private charitable foundation, which afforded our family an opportunity to give back to our community. In fact, it has become an opportunity to “invest” in the future of our community.
At its inception the purpose of the foundation was twofold. Our first mission was to provide college scholarships to graduating seniors who resided in Willoughby Hills and attended either Willoughby South High our other private high schools.
The second objective was to recognize Teacher Excellence. The Foundation has grown and the Trustees have agreed through the years to redefine our objectives. In the past few years, we have created a grant program for teachers for innovative classroom programming. Interested educators write grant proposals, which are then reviewed by the Trustees and awarded at the beginning of the academic year.
The Trustees have agreed to expand the scholarship opportunities beyond the Willoughby South community and now accept applications from North High School, Brush High School and Portland Waldorf High School.
The Trustees review the applications of highly motivated qualified young people who have exhibited the ability to balance the challenges of academic achievement, community involvement, volunteerism, hobbies, outside interests and co-curricular activities.